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Sexual Rights:

What Are They?

Sexual rights are human rights pertaining to sexuality.

Which are they?

They are the ones below.

The right to equality and non-discrimination

Everyone is entitled to enjoy all sexual rights set forth in this Declaration* without distinction of any kind such as race, ethnicity, color, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, place of residence, property, birth, disability, age, nationality, marital and family status, sexual orientation, gender identity and expression, health status, economic and social situation and other status.

The right to life, liberty and security of the person

Everyone has the right to life, liberty, and security that cannot be arbitrarily threatened, limited, or taken away for reasons related to sexuality. These include: sexual orientation, consensual sexual behavior and practices, gender identity and expression, or because of accessing or providing services related to sexual and reproductive health.

The right to autonomy and bodily integrity

Everyone has the right to control and decide freely on matters related to their sexuality and their body. This includes the choice of sexual behaviors, practices, partners and relationships with due regard to the rights of others. Free and informed decision making requires free and informed consent prior to any sexually-related testing, interventions, therapies, surgeries, or research.

The right to be free from torture and cruel, inhuman, or degrading treatment or punishment

Everyone shall be free from torture and cruel, inhuman, or degrading treatment or punishment related to sexuality, including: harmful traditional practices; forced sterilization, contraception, or abortion; and other forms of torture, cruel, inhuman, or degrading treatment perpetrated for reasons related to someone´s sex, gender, sexual orientation, gender identity and expression, and bodily diversity.

The right to be free from all forms of violence and coercion

Everyone shall be free from sexuality related violence and coercion, including: rape, sexual abuse, sexual harassment, bullying, sexual exploitation and slavery, trafficking for purposes of sexual exploitation, virginity testing, and violence committed because of real or perceived sexual practices, sexual orientation, gender identity and expression, and bodily diversity.

The right to privacy

Everyone has the right to privacy related to sexuality, sexual life, and choices regarding their own body and consensual sexual relations and practices without arbitrary interference and intrusion. This includes the right to control the disclosure of sexuality-related personal information to others.

The right to the highest attainable standard of health, including sexual health; with the possibility of pleasurable, satisfying, and safe sexual experiences

Everyone has the right to the highest attainable level of health and wellbeing in relation to sexuality, including the possibility of pleasurable, satisfying, and safe sexual experiences. This requires the availability, accessibility, acceptability of quality health services and access to the conditions that influence and determine health including sexual health.

The right to enjoy the benefits of scientific progress and its application

Everyone has the right to enjoy the benefits of scientific progress and its applications in relation to sexuality and sexual health.

The right to information

Everyone shall have access to scientifically accurate and understandable information related to sexuality, sexual heath, and sexual rights through diverse sources. Such information should not be arbitrarily censored, withheld, or intentionally misrepresented.

The right to education and the right to comprehensive sexuality education

Everyone has the right to education and comprehensive sexuality education. Comprehensive sexuality education must be age appropriate, scientifically accurate, culturally competent, and grounded in human rights, gender equality, and a positive approach to sexuality and pleasure.

The right to enter, form, and dissolve marriage and other similar types of relationships based on equality and full and free consent

Everyone has the right to choose whether or not to marry and to enter freely and with full and free consent into marriage, partnership or other similar relationships. All persons are entitled to equal rights entering into, during, and at dissolution of marriage, partnership and other similar relationships, without discrimination or exclusion of any kind. This right includes equal entitlements to social welfare and other benefits regardless of the form of such relationships.

The right to decide whether to have children, the number and spacing of children, and to have the information and the means to do so

Everyone has the right to decide whether to have children and the number and the spacing of children. To exercise this right requires access to the conditions that influence and determine health and wellbeing, including sexual and reproductive health services related to pregnancy, contraception, fertility, pregnancy termination, and adoption.

The right to the freedom of thought, opinion, and expression

Everyone has the right to freedom of thought, opinion, and expression regarding sexuality and has the right to express their own sexuality through, for example, appearance, communication, and behavior, with due respect to the rights of others.

The right to freedom of association and peaceful assembly

Everyone has the right to peacefully organize, associate, assemble, demonstrate, and advocate including about sexuality, sexual health, and sexual rights.

The right to participation in public and political life

Everyone is entitled to an environment that enables active, free, and meaningful participation in and contribution to the civil, economic, social, cultural, political, and other aspects of human life at local, national, regional, and international levels. In particular, all persons are entitled to participate in the development and implementation of policies that determine their welfare, including their sexuality and sexual health.

The right to access to justice, remedies, and redress

Everyone has the right to access to justice, remedies, and redress for violations of their sexual rights. This requires effective, adequate, accessible, and appropriate educative, legislative, judicial, and other measures. Remedies include redress through restitution, compensation, rehabilitation, satisfaction, and guarantee of non-repetition.

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Clinical Psychologist and Psychosexual Therapist (CRP 06/118772) with experience in treating adult Brazilian and Foreign clients (individual and couples), in English and Portuguese. Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT) specialist certified by both the Institute of Psychiatry, Clinics Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, University of São Paulo (Brazil) and Proficoncept, which is certified by DGERT (European Union). Received specialized training in Psychotherapy with a Focus on Human Sexuality from the Paulista Institute of Sexuality. Member of the Brazilian Association of Psychology and Behavioral Medicine (ABPMC).

Specialist in English Language: Translation Methodology (FAFIRE). Having worked as an English Language Teacher for about 10 years (Brazil and China) and lived with people from different cultures, keeps the PsycBlog. It is a Blog with Psychoeducational Resources on Psychology and Sexuality.

Main interests include Psychology, Sexuality, Translation Studies, Foreign Languages, Traveling and Photography.